Renewable Energy in India

Table of Contents

Renewable energy is obtained from sources that are continuously replenished by natural processes. For example, solar energy, wind energy, bio-energy, hydropower. Renewable energy sources are essentially flows of energy, whereas the fossil and nuclear fuels are, in essence, stocks of energy.

MNRE is the nodal ministry in India. Ministry aims to promote renewable energy technologies and increase the contribution of renewable energy in the total energy mix. The ministry adopts a three fold strategy for the country:

  1. providing budgetary support for research, development and demonstartion of technologies;
  2. facilitating institutional finance through various financial institutions;
  3. promoting private investment through fiscal incentives, tax holidays, depreciation allowances and remunerative returns for power fed into the grid.

Potential and installed capacity

Estimated potential and installed capacity of renewable energy in India (as on 31/12/2014)
TechnologyPotentialCapacity addition in 2014-15Installed capacity as on 31/12/2014
P/MWP/MWP/MW
Solar748 990 
SPV (grid-based) 4303 063
SPV (off-grid) 53227
Wind102 770  
Wind 1 33322 465
Aero-generator / Hybrid 02
Hydro Power164 750  
Large hydro > 25 MW (grid-based) 26940 800
Small hydro < 25 MW (grid-based) 1873 991
Watermill / Micro hydel 215
Biomass17 540  
Biomass power (grid-based) 01 365
Biomass gasifier (off-grid) 7172
Bio-gas energy  04
Biomass Cogeneration 5 000  
Cogeneration: bagasse (grid-based) 1522 800
Cogeneration: non-bagasse (off-grid) 35562
Waste to energy2 560  
Urban & industrial (grid-based) 1108
Urban & industrial (off-grid) 8141
Ocean energy50 000  
Total grid interactive 2 37274 592
Total off-grid / captive 1051 123
Total1 091 6102 47775 715

Other renewable sources

Solar Street lighting2.70 lakh
Solar Home lighting12.08 lakh
Solar lanterns9.85 lakh
Solar water heating8.63 x 106 m2 collector area
Family type biogas plant47.95 lakh

Outlook

The contribution of nenewable energy to total installed power capacity is on the rise. The cummulative installed capacity of renewable energy, 75 715 MW, is more than 25 % of total installed capacity of 295 680 MW. The total potential for renewable for power generation is 10 91 610 MW with a mojor contribution from solar, wind, and hydro energy. The draft renewable energy policy of MNRE has set a goal of power generation of 10 000 MW through renewable mode by 2012.

Capacity Addition (in MW) to achieve 15 % renewable enrgy by 2020
TechnologyCapacity Addition
(Mar' 2011)(11-12)12th Plan (12-17)13th Plan (17-20)Total
Wind14 157334328 31228 31059 965
Biomass 997293223015654088
Small Hydro3042208157510402 823
Cogeneration1667333180012003333
Waste to energy72116348122
Solar382623 7006 0008 862
Total19 9734 45037 68038 16480 294

References

  1. Annual report of MNRE
  2. Energy Statistics' 2015

Comments

Post a comment